Beschreibung

SCIPIONE BREISLAK
(1750 – 1826)

Institutions géologiques traduites du manuscrit italien en français par P. J. L. Campmas. Trois volumes avec un atlas de 56 planches. (Title of atlas reads: Atlas géologique, ou vues d‘amas de colonnes basaltiques, faisant suite aux Institutions geologiques).

Three volumes plus atlas 8° (200×125 mm) and landscape 4° (205×310 mm). XXIX, 468; 550, [2]; 557 pp. [1] blank leaf. Atals volume with a plate „Avis“ addressed to the reader, title-page, 53 numbered plates, and plates marked A and B, all engraved by Riboldi, Brocchi and Dall‘ Acqua after drawings by Demin, Veyrene etc. Slightly later brown buckram, spine gilt with author, title, volume number and the name Wocher at foot. Somewhat rubbed and minimally soiled. Slightly foxed, damstain to the first 7 leaves of vol. I, last plate of atlas with an old repaired tear. Milano, Imprimerie Impériale et Royale, 1818.
BIBLIOGRAPHY: Roller & Goodman I, 163.
PROVENANCE: Wocher, name embossed in gilt on spine; A. Merian Basel, stamp on front flyleaves; N. Pavoni, signature on title.
First French edition concurrently published with the Italian edition. Breislak was a priest who devoted much of his life to the teaching of geology and natural sciences. Considered one of the founders of vulcanology in Italy, Breislak was the first to determine that basaltic rocks were of extrusive origin; he also emphasized that the tufaceous deposits of Campania originated under water, and he reconstructed the evolution of Vesuvius. An adherent of Plutonist theory, Breislak believed that metamorphic rocks originated during consolidation of the earth‘s crust (cf DSB II, 439). The plates show mainly columnar basalt formations, mainly in France and Italy but also, in Ireland, Germany, Transilvania, Black Sea, Mexico and Ile de Bourbon (La Réunion). [369015].